HSE studies

Since 2007 there has been a strong focus in Norway on the health and environmental challenges posed by the use of amines for CO2 capture. A tool box for handling these issues is developed.

A lot of work has been undertaken to find solutions to this challenge, aided by the publication of results from the first studies into health and environmental issues arising from the formation of amines at the now-cancelled CO2 Capture Mongstad (CCM) full-scale project. 

CLIMIT (the Norwegian research programme for accelerating the commercialisation of CCS) has funded several studies into the health and environmental impact of amines.

Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) also needed answers to some of these questions as part of the permitting process for amines to be used in their test facilities. As a result, a broad mapping of generic amines was necessary. Literature surveys were conducted and methods were identified for characterizing amines and their corresponding nitrosamines and nitramines. 

Given that these studies were fully funded by the Norwegian state, the intention has always been to make the results publicly available. The studies are splited into the main areas of investigation and two phases [1]

Phase 1

Sampling and analysis

Process and atmospheric chemistry

Emission Dispersion Modelling

Emission Reduction Techniques 

Toxicology 


Phase 2

Process and atmospheric chemistry 

Sampling and analysis 

Toxicology 

Emission dispersion model development 

Emission reduction techniques 



[1] The content of each report published here is the sole responsibility of the authors and the organization that has issued the reports and do not reflect the opinion or understanding of Gassnova SF.