The EU system for emissions monitoring and reductions:
EU cooperation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is formed of three pillars. All in all, these three pillars set the upper limit for greenhouse gas emissions. Norway is involved in all three pillars of the EU’s climate policy:
- The European Emissions Trading System (ETS) regulates emissions from manufacturing, energy and heat production, petroleum, and air travel through the ETS directive
- The Effort Sharing Regulation for non-ETS greenhouse gas emissions: This allocates each country a binding target to reduce emissions from transport, construction, agriculture, waste, and some types of emissions from the oil and gas industry and industrial manufacturing.
- The Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Regulation: This regulation sets the rules for how to capture CO2 in the LULUCF sector. The regulations set an obligation that total greenhouse gas emissions from land-use and forestry must not exceed the captured amount (known as the “no-debit” rule).