The Longship CCS Project
Longship is Europe’s first complete value chain for the capture, transport, and storage of industrial CO2 emissions. The project is under construction and is planned to be operational by 2025.
The stakeholders in Longship
Longship involves government support for developing the Northern Lights transport and storage infrastructure. Firstly, Heidelberg Materials‘ CO2 capture project at the cement factory in Brevik. Secondly, Hafslund Oslo Celsios’ CO2 capture project at the WtE facility in Oslo. Hafslund Oslo Celsios’ construction work was put on hold in 2023. When it became evident that the costs would exceed the maximum budget agreed between the company and the state. In conclusion, Celsio is working on ways to reduce costs. And will come back with a proposal to the government in the summer of 2024.
According to the plan, CO2 will be transported by ships from the capture sites to the Northern Lights onshore facility in Øygarden. There, the CO2 will enter the receiving terminal. Before it is being transported through a pipeline to the well. Where it will be pumped into the subsea reservoir. Heidelberg Materials and Celsio are expected to deliver approximately 400,000 tons of CO2 each annually. This constitutes a significant part of Norway’s total emissions, equivalent to about 1.6 percent.
Contributes to new understanding
The Longship CCS project aims to contribute to new knowledge that can increase the likelihood of achieving Norway and the EU’s long-term climate goals. Throughout the planning and construction period, Longship has generated experiences that can contribute to improving the technical foundation for future projects. More over experiences in adapting to current legislation have been shared with the stakeholders across Europe, and both the EU and Norway are working to improve the framework for industries needing CCS to reduce their emissions and for the companies providing CO2 storage.
Northern Lights offers CO2 transport and storage as a service in the market. Agreements between Northern Lights and other capture projects are commercial and not part of Longship. As of the end of 2023, Northern Lights has entered into agreements with Yara in the Netherlands and Ørsted in Denmark. The first phase of Northern Lights is now completed, but work is underway for a phase 2.
Longship is one of the world’s first CCS projects developing an infrastructure with the capacity to store significant amounts of CO2 from multiple countries. With Longship, Norway is at the forefront of developing a technology that could be crucial in achieving the climate goals.